onsdag, augusti 26, 2015

Matter and Antimatter Are Mirror Images - Alla prinsessor är fittlösa .WELCOME NEW BRAVE WORLD.2015-08-12 - Mad Gif-Storm

Partille-collisions



Matter and antimatter appear to be perfect mirror images of each other as far as anyone can see, scientists have discovered with unprecedented precision, foiling hope of solving the mystery as to why there is far more matter than antimatter in the universe.


experiment-antihydrogenA newly reported experiment involving matter and antimatter was carried out in CERN's Antiproton Decelerator.





Everyday matter is made up of protons, neutrons or electrons. These particles have counterparts known as antiparticles — antiprotons, antineutrons and positrons, respectively — that have the same mass but the opposite electric charge. (Although neutrons and antineutrons are both neutrally charged, they are each made of particles known as quarks that possess fractional electrical charges, and the charges of these quarks are equal and opposite to one another in neutrons and antineutrons.)




The known universe is composed of everyday matter. The profound mystery is, why the universe is not made up of equal parts antimatter, since the Big Bang that is thought to have created the universe 13.7 billion years ago produced equal amounts of both. And if matter and antimatter appear to be mirror images of each other in every respect save their electrical charge, there might not be much any of either type of matter left — matter and antimatter annihilate when they encounter each other.





 Checking charge parity

Theoretical physicists suspect that the extraordinary contrast between the amounts of matter and antimatter in the universe, technically known as baryon asymmetry, may be due to some difference between the properties of matter and antimatter, formally known as a charge-parity, or CP symmetry violation. However, all the known effects that lead to violations of CP symmetry fail to explain the vast preponderance of matter over antimatter.




Potential explanations behind this mystery could lie in differences in the properties of matter and antimatter — for instance, perhaps antiprotons decay faster than protons. If any such difference is found, however slight, "this will of course lead to dramatic consequences for our contemporary understanding of the fundamental laws of physics," study lead author Stefan Ulmer, a particle physicist at Japan's Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), told Live Science.




In the most stringent test yet of differences between protons and antiprotons, scientists investigated the ratio of electric charge to mass in about 6,500 pairs of these particles over a 35-day period. To keep antimatter and matter from coming into contact, the researchers trapped protons and antiprotons in magnetic fields. Then they measured how these particles moved in a cyclical manner in those fields, a characteristic known as their cyclotron frequency, which is proportional to both the charge-to-mass ratio of those particles and the strength of the magnetic field.




(Technically, the researchers did not use simple protons in the experiments, but negative hydrogen ions, which each consist of a proton surrounded by two electrons. This was done to simplify the experiments — antiprotons and negative hydrogen ions are both negatively charged, and so respond the same way to magnetic fields. The scientists could easily account for the effects these electrons had during the experiments.)








Perfect mirror images

The scientists found the charge-to-mass ratio of protons and antiprotons "is identical to within just 69 parts per trillion," Ulmer said in a statement. This measurement is four times better than previous measurements of this ratio.





In addition, the researchers also discovered that the charge-to-mass ratios they measured do not vary by more than 720 parts per trillion per day, as Earth rotates on its axis and travels around the sun. This suggests that protons and antiprotons behave the same way over time as they zip through space at the same velocity, meaning they do not violate what is known as charge-parity-time, or CPT symmetry.





CPT symmetry is a key component of the Standard Model of particle physics, the best description to date of how the elementary particles making up the universe behave. No known violations of CPT symmetry exist. "Any detected CPT violation will have huge impact on our understanding of nature," Ulmer said.





Furthermore, these charge-to-mass ratios did not differ by more than 870 parts per billion in Earth's gravitational field. This means the weak equivalence principle, which holds that all matter falls at the same rate in the same gravitational field, also holds at this level of accuracy. The weak equivalence principle is a keystone of Einstein's theory of general relativity, which among other things is the best explanation so far of how gravity works. No known violations of the weak equivalence principle exist, and any detected violations of it could lead to a revolution in science's understanding of gravity and space-time, and how both relate to matter and energy.




Using more stable magnetic fields and other approaches, the scientists plan to achieve measurements that are at least 10 times more precise than what they found so far, Ulmer said.


The scientists detailed their latest findings online Aug. 13 in the journal Nature.


Via



livescience.com/51833

by Charles Q. Choi, Live Science Contributor   |   August 12, 2015





LHCb-The LHCb team stands in front of their experiment, the LHCb detecor, at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva.











 .WELCOME NEW BRAVE WORLD.2015-08-12

  - Det tycks som om den här generationen Socialdemokrater saknat Socialdemokrater. - Bankföreningar, storägare och marknadsanalytiker för hela slanten. - Se var detta har fört oss alla. Man talade om 'löss i fanans veck' då Socialdemokratin höll rent åt vänster men Snyltbaggarna var uppenbarligen immuna eller opåverkade av bekämpningsmetoderna. - Nu ska det förvisso sägas att nämnda renhållning var av växlande kvalitet och kvantitet, men att de har gynnat Snyltbaggarna står ju klart. - Om man lyssnar till vad Olof Palme faktiskt sa och inte bara glor på hans näsa (eller Juholts mustasch) så är det ett team vi behöver utgöra och inte bara tugga och svälja så fort vi kommer åt. - Inte att undra på allt ståhej det blen när Juholt i TV sa sig vara demokratisk Socialist.


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http://www.di.se/artiklar/2015/8/10/ex-ministern-koper-lyxvilla/



©2015jimrsbjörklund
 S-profilen och den tidigare ministern Björn Rosengren har köpt en ny lyxvilla i Saltsjöbaden. Huset är i absoluta toppskick med egen brygga och utsikt över Baggensfjärden. Prislapp: 31 miljoner kronor.

Saltsjöbaden i Nacka är ett av Stockholms mest attraktiva bostadsområden, med villor i mångmiljonklassen.


Riskkapitalisten Christer Gardell och Swedbanks vd Michael Wolf är andra näringslivsprofiler som förknippas med förorten.

I slutet av mars köpte den tidigare S-ministern Björn Rosengren en villa, som mäklaren beskriver som en av Saltsjöbadens absolut bästa sjöfastigheter. Köpeskillingen uppgick till 31 miljoner kronor. Det är en av de dyraste villorna som har sålts i år, enligt bostadssajten Booli.


studioett@sverigesradio.se


p1morgon@sverigesradio.se










almost nothing...



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Longing almost for nothing...





hope for almost nothing...





do almost nothing ...





Do not need much...



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©2015jimrsbjörklund


Alla prinsessor är fittlösa Alla prinsessor är fittlösaAlla prinsessor är fittlösa

ett mycket oanständigt förslag gråsiffra förstår november
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